Archive for March, 2013

Kosovo under autonomy

Kosovo under autonomy

Kosovo Under Autonomy endeavors to provide new analyses of several controversies surrounding the relationships between Albanians and Serbs in Kosovo between 1974-1990: the causes of increasing demographic disparity, the extent of Albanian aspirations for autonomy within or separation from Yugoslavia, the causes of Serbian migration from Kosovo, the degree of […]

Attitudes to peace walls – key findings

Attitudes to peace walls – key findings

TransConflict is pleased to present the key findings of research into attitudes to peace walls in Northern Ireland, which show that more than three quarters of the general population (78%) in believes that segregation is common in the absence of peace walls.

Kosovo – is Belgrade seeking a Republika Srpska?

Kosovo – is Belgrade seeking a Republika Srpska?

The Quint would be rightly concerned over a Serbian demand to give an association its own powers, funds and representation at central level. That would be a Republika Srpska. Asking for that would go needlessly beyond what the Ahtisaari Plan already provides and would provoke Pristina and the Quint. Suggested Reading […]

Northern Ireland – attitudes to peace walls

Northern Ireland – attitudes to peace walls

In 2012 a research team based at the University of Ulster successfully applied for research funding to the Office of the First Minister and Deputy First Minister for funding to conduct research on Attitudes to Peace Walls. The aim of the research was to explore public awareness of and attitudes […]

War, peace and a new world paved with good intentions through sport

War, peace and a new world paved with good intentions through sport

Sport has often been overlooked as a form of soft power that is able to broker moments of normality within periods of conflict between ethnic or national communities and as a form of public diplomacy or social intervention.

Kosovo – painting into a corner

Kosovo – painting into a corner

Leaving the northern Kosovo Serbs out of the process of determining their future leaves open the possibility that whatever Belgrade might come to accept under EU pressure would not gain the support on the ground to be implemented peacefully.

Confronting the Yugoslav controversies – a scholars’ initiative

Confronting the Yugoslav controversies – a scholars’ initiative

TransConflict is pleased to announce that, every Friday, it will be presenting extracts from ‘Confronting the Yugoslav Controversies: A Scholars’ Initiative (Second Edition)’. Charles Ingrao, the Initiative’s director, explains its aims and approach. 

Cyberwar and international humanitarian law

Cyberwar and international humanitarian law

Hostile states, non-state actors and individuals have not only taken to the internet as a means of expressing themselves, but have also created a hotbed of conflict. Whilst Public International Law does not have any mechanism in place to handle cyberattacks, International Humanitarian Law may provide some important answers. 

Addressing horizontal inequalities as drivers of conflict in the post-2015 development agenda

Addressing horizontal inequalities as drivers of conflict in the post-2015 development agenda

Horizontal inequalities increase the risk of violent conflict, and violence and conflict can worsen inequalities. This paper analyzes how inequalities, violent conflicts and the relation between them, are holding back development, adding to the arguments for addressing them in the post-2015 framework.

Solving the Syrian conflict starts with shutting up

Solving the Syrian conflict starts with shutting up

Can a decentralised transitional power model – as proposed in ‘Solving the Syrian conflict starts with building trust’ – really be carried out by western diplomats who have already demonstrated the deficiencies of their knowledge of Syria?

UN in Kosovo held responsible for failing to investigate forced disappearances – too little, too late?

UN in Kosovo held responsible for failing to investigate forced disappearances – too little, too late?

In a landmark decision, the Human Rights Advisory Panel found UNMIK responsible for failing to investigate forced disappearances. With such competencies having now been transferred to other organizations and local authorities, however, this may prove to be too little, too late for the cause of accountability.

Burundi – problematic reconciliation in the hills

Burundi – problematic reconciliation in the hills

Internally displaced persons of the Ruhororo site are living in difficult conditions amongst an already well established population. Despite the harsh conditions that an IDP must live, matters are made more difficult by the frequent confrontations they encounter with the local community.

The Bosnian Project

The Bosnian Project

TransConflict is pleased to present ‘The Bosnian Project, which explores the question of  identity in Bosnia-Herzegovina – particularly whether or not there is a shared, Bosnian identity? 

Turkey and the Kurdish conflict – domestic agenda meets regional concerns

Turkey and the Kurdish conflict – domestic agenda meets regional concerns

Though a possible peace deal with the PKK has a lot to offer to Turkey, the process is still susceptible to spoilers. Should the rumoured PKK ceasefire on 21st March hold, then spring may well be the beginning of a long anticipated peace in Turkey.

Serbia, Kosovo and EU enlargement

Serbia, Kosovo and EU enlargement

Only Washington can push Pristina to accept a compromise over the north. Yet despite the fact that the Ahtisaari Plan clearly allows them to have a decision-making body, the US says it doesn’t accept “executive powers” for any association of Kosovo-Serb municipalities. Perhaps the US and Pristina should now talk […]

Security Council Resolution 1244 – everyone’s favorite crutch

Security Council Resolution 1244 – everyone’s favorite crutch

Kosovo has been an abject failure of Western policy, especially in Washington where successive administrations have been content to pontificate, but have been unwilling to provide creative, just and fair leadership.

A “Republika Srpska” in Kosova?

A “Republika Srpska” in Kosova?

The only way Kosova can hope to manage successfully the creation of a Serb counter-government is if Washington can accomplish what it has failed to so far – to convince at least some of the five EU members who do not recognize Kosova to do so now. 

Kosovo – remembering what the Ahtisaari Plan says

Kosovo – remembering what the Ahtisaari Plan says

The latest round of talks between Belgrade and Pristina appears not to have reached agreement, with the north still remaining the issue. Yet, the Ahtisaari Plan recognized that the conflict in Kosovo between Serbs and Albanians could only be peacefully resolved if a way were found to allow the two […]

Can reconciliation be pursued through history teaching?

Can reconciliation be pursued through history teaching?

EUROCLIO offers a successful model for many history educators in Europe to address innovative, and often controversial, content as well as collaborative, active, meaningful and effective ways of learning and teaching. 

Promoting responsible history education – the case of EUROCLIO

Promoting responsible history education – the case of EUROCLIO

EUROCLIO, the European Association for History Educators, propagates an approach to history education that smoothes out the ragged edges of nationalism and other ideologies, deconstructing historical myths and negative stereotypes and putting traditional enemy-images into perspective.

Peace initiatives on the Sotik/Borabu border in Kenya

Peace initiatives on the Sotik/Borabu border in Kenya

Despite the apparent return to peace after the terrible events of the 2007/2008 post-election violence, complex pockets of conflicts – which are formed along ethnic lines – are now more than ever embedded in Kenya’s territory and history. One such conflict occurs in a rural area of the Kenyan Rift Valley […]

Drivers of pastoralist violence in northwestern Kenya

Drivers of pastoralist violence in northwestern Kenya

Pastoralist violence in northwestern Kenya can be divided into three contexts – the traditional, the political and the business – each of which must be taken into account when prescribing a viable long-term peacebuilding strategy.