Model NATO Serbia 2011 – Adopted Communiques

Here you will find the communiques adopted during the 2011 Model NATO Serbia, held in Belgrade on 20th-22nd May.

Scenario One – ‘Tackling terrorism in a partner country – the case of Srjednia’

COMMUNIQUÉ ON THE SITUATION IN SRJEDNIA

We the members of the Alliance strongly condemn terrorist attacks that occurred in our partner country and express serious concern regarding security and stability in Srjednia.

We pledge our full support to the people and the government of Srjednia and call upon all NATO members and Euro-Atlantic Partnership countries to help the Alliance fulfill its partnership obligations.

Recognizing the need for a joint action in the fight against terrorism,

Reaffirming the need to establish a clear strategy for the future actions that should be taken in the fight against terrorism,

Expressing their concern about the existing security threats that may escalate to a much larger scale, with regard to the situation in Srjednia,

The members have agreed on the following actions to be taken in order to assist our partner country in their effort to combat terrorism and deal with the threats to their national security as well as the international security:

  • 1) Member states shall dispatch a Security-Technical Mission for Srjednia (STMS) with a mandate to assist and support the local security forces in combating terrorist organizations operating in the area and to improve the existing capacities of the local security forces designated to prevent future terrorist threats;
  • 2) Member states, shall, together with the Srjednia’s authorities, create and employ a clear, detailed strategy for fight against terrorism;
  • 3) Member states shall prepare intelligence information packages and expertise related to combat against terrorism relevant for the situation in Srjednia and submit them to Srjednia’s security forces in charge of conducting the operations;
  • 4) The partnership shall, through NATO- Russia Council, start negotiations with the Russian Federation with the aim to encourage Russia to supoort STMS and other relevant missions and operations in Srjednia established by the international community.

Members of the Alliance further recommend:

  • 1) that all member states shall stay committed to help develop and establish further strategies, operations and missions in Srjednia within relevant UN bodies, especially those programs that will involve IAEA’s expertise on monitoring nuclear capacities in Srjednia;
  • 2) all member states shall continue contributing to the establishment of long term policies towards Srjednia regarding this issue.

Member states further call upon the international community to support the Alliance’s efforts to establish security, stability and the rule of law in Srjednia.

Scenario Two – ‘Crisis response amidst competing obligations – the Turkish earthquake’

COMMUNIQUÉ ON THE EARTHQUAKE IN TURKEY

North Atlantic Council met in Foreign Ministers session in Belgrade on 22nd of May 2011.

We, the members of the Alliance, have discussed with special attention situation in Turkey caused by the devastating earthquake. NATO will provide necessary assistance to Turkey sending, as soon as possible, NATO Response Force (NRF) troops in crisis areas, with the aim to provide technical and every other humanitarian relief needed the people in the affected area. NRF number of troops and the period in which they will be engaged in the field, will be determined by this Council on the basis of recommendation passed by Civil Emergency Planning Committee.

We, members of the Alliance, agree:

  • 1) that the Euro Atlantic Disaster Response Coordinating Center manages and coordinates all activities aimed at assisting affected areas in Turkey.
  • 2) to demand Civil Emergency Planning Committee to form a commission of experts in ecology protection and send them in the field in areas endangered by the outpouring of chemical and other harmful substance;
  • 3) aware of the slow progress of the ISAF mission in Afghanistan and the possibility of reducing the number of troops in the ISAF mission due to natural disaster in Turkey, to consider abandoning the practice of using national caveats on the units stationed in Afghanistan;
  • 4) to encourage the cooperation with relevant international humanitarian organizations;
  • 5) to recommend the member states to assist Turkey in accordance with their capacities on bilateral grounds.

Scenario Three – ‘Averting humanitarian catastrophe in Rebu’

COMMUNIQUÉ ON THE SITUATION IN REBU

We, the members of the Alliance, express our firm commitment to protect civilians and civilian-populated areas under threat of attack.

We would like to state that under no circumstances will NATO stay neutral during the Rebu Crisis.

Respecting all main principles of international law, especially international humanitarian law;

With the sincere willingness to contribute to the development of democracy and human rights;

Understanding the role of international organizations, including NATO, UN, African Union and Arab League;

Realizing the necessity to protect civilians during crisis in Rebu;

We, the Members of the Alliance, agree that we should resort to the following measures :

  • 1) It is of utmost importance that any kind of military operation, including establishing a no-fly zone should be carried out in accordance with a resolution adopted by the Security Council of the United Nations;
  • 2) It is of utmost importance to establish a no-fly zone over Rebu, including ban of all flights, except those for humanitarian and aid purposes in Rebu airspace to make sure that civilians and civilian populated areas cannot be subjected to air attack;
  • 3) We believe that it is necessary that the door for the military intervention on the territory of Rebu, in case if the crisis gets worse, shall stay open;
  • 4) We are convinced that it is necessary to introduce arms embargo, freeze personal accounts of Rebus officials and impose a travel ban on senior figures;
  • 5) We are absolutely sure that we should provide surveillance operations in the Mediterranean sea, deploying AWACS aircrafts to provide round-the-clock observation, provided that such “eyes in the sky” will give NATO detailed information of movements in Rebu airspace;
  • 6) It is necessary to take into consideration the fact the NATO ships will not enter Rebu territorial waters. At the same time they will operate in the Central Mediterranean in order to make sure that the flow of weapons to Rebu by sea is cut off and they will maintain maritime blockade.
  • 7) Member of the Alliance further recommend that all member states and regional organization inter alia take all necessary measures in order to protect civilians in Rebu.
  • 8) Expressing concern about the status of the refugees in Rebu and make sure that they should be treated in accordance with the main acts of international law, which regulate the legal status of refugees, including the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees.
  • 9) We, members of The Alliance, agree to strength with our available diplomatically capacities peaceful democratic process in Rebu, in order to organize free elections and establish government based on the free will of people.
  • 10) We, members of The Alliance, are ready to see Republic of Rebu as a partner country in Mediterranean Dialogue program in order to broaden mutual cooperation in combat against terrorism.

Considering all abovementioned, we do appeal to all members of the Alliance to take all reasonable measures with no further delay in order to protect the civilians and contribute to the development of democracy and observance of human rights in Rebu.

Scenario Four – ‘Maintaining peace and stability in the Western Balkans – the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina’

COMMUNIQUÉ ON THE SITUATION IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA

We the members of the Alliance:

  • 1) Call for the Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Government of Republika Srpska to cooperate with the European Union, the United Nations and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe regarding the recent issue.
  • 2) Call for the Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Government of Republika Srpska to find a peaceful solution in cooperation with the European Union, the United Nations and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe for current situation in the state.
  • 3) This solution must be found through dialog of the Government of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Government of Republika Srpska and with the support of the European Union, the United Nations and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.
  • 4) Ask for the Europan Union, the United Nations and the Organization for Security and Cooperation to mutual cooperate by forming a Mediation Comission.
  • 5) The Mediation Commission, made of the representatives of the European Union, the Organization for Security and Cooperation, the United Nations, is going to help and support the process of dialog and negotiation between the Government of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Government of Republika Srpska.
  • 6) Ask from the Government of Federation of Bosnia Herzegovina, the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Government of Republika Srpska to keep stability and democracy in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
  • 7) Call for respect of the articles of the Dayton Agreement.
  • 8) Call the governments of Croatia and Serbia to pledge their support to the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Bosnia and Herzegovina and to use their influence on Bosnian political leadership in starting the democratic dialogue and calm the potential threatening situations that could destabilize the region and have wider repercussions.
  • 9) Support the Government of Federation of Bosnia Herzegovina, the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Government of Republika Srpska in future in finding any mutual agreement that would make Bosnia and Herzegovina more functional.
  • 10) Assert that the aim of this future agreement that would be accepted by the Government of Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Government of Republika Srpska must be promotion of democratization at the regional level, and also to convert nationalism into patriotism that are compatible with the values of regional tolerance and cooperation.

FINAL COMMUNIQUE

Belgrade Summit Declaration

Issued by the Ministers of Foreign Affairs participating in the meeting of the North Atlantic Council in Belgrade on 21st-22nd May 2011

1) We, the Heads of State and Government of the member countries of the North Atlantic Alliance, met yesterday and today to strengthen our ability to confront the existing and emerging 21st century security threats. Recognising the enduring value of the transatlantic link and of NATO as the essential forum for security consultations between Europe and North America, we reaffirmed our solidarity and cohesion and our commitment to the common vision and shared democratic values embodied in the Washington Treaty. The principle of the indivisibility of Allied security is fundamental. A strong collective defence of our populations, territory and forces is the core purpose of our Alliance and remains our most important security task.

2) We the members of the Alliance strongly condemn terrorist attacks that occurred in our partner country and express serious concern regarding security and stability in Srjednia. We pledge our full support to the people and the government of Srjednia and call upon all NATO members and Euro-Atlantic Partnership countries to help the Alliance fulfill its partnership obligations.

3) Recognizing the need for a joint action in the fight against terrorism, reaffirming the need to establish a clear strategy for the future actions that should be taken in the fight against terrorism, expressing their concern about the existing security threats that may escalate to a much larger scale, with regard to the situation in Srjednia. The members have agreed that in order to assist our partner country in their effort to combat terrorism and deal with the threats to their national security, as well as international security, a Security-Technical Mission for Srjednia (STMS), with a mandate to assist and support the local security forces in combating terrorist organizations operating in the area and to improve the existing capacities of the local security forces designated to prevent future terrorist threats, will be deployed. In addition, the member states, shall, together with the Srjednia’s authorities, create and employ a clear, detailed strategy for fight against terrorism. Member states shall also prepare intelligence information packages and expertise related to combat against terrorism relevant for the situation in Srjednia and submit them to Srjednia’s security forces in charge of conducting the operations.

4) The Alliance shall, through NATO-Russia Council, start negotiations with the Russian Federation with the aim to encourage Russia to supoort STMS and other relevant missions and operations in Srjednia established by the international community1.

5) Members of the Alliance further recommend that all member states shall stay committed to help develop and establish further strategies, operations and missions in Srjednia within relevant UN bodies, especially those programs that will involve IAEA’s expertise on monitoring nuclear capacities in Srjednia. In addition, all member states shall continue contributing to the establishment of long term policies towards Srjednia regarding this issue. Member states further call upon the international community to support the Alliance’s efforts to establish security, stability and the rule of law in Srjednia.

6) The Alliance sends its condolences to the people of Turkey for the deaths and injuries arising from the devastating earthquare in central Turkey. NATO will provide all necessary assistance to Turkey sending, as soon as possible, NATO Response Force (NRF) troops in crisis areas, with the aim to provide technical and every other humanitarian relief needed the people in the affected area. NRF number of troops and the period in which they will be engaged in the field, will be determined by this Council on the basis of recommendation passed by Civil Emergency Planning Committee.

7) The Alliance also agrees that the Euro Atlantic Disaster Response Coordinating Center will manage and coordinate all activities aimed at assisting affected areas in Turkey, and will demand that the Civil Emergency Planning Committee form a commission of experts in ecology protection and send them in the field in areas endangered by the outpouring of chemical and other harmful substance.

8) Aware of the slow progress of the ISAF mission in Afghanistan and the possibility of reducing the number of troops in the ISAF mission due to natural disaster in Turkey, to consider abandoning the practice of using national caveats on the units stationed in Afghanistan.

9) The Alliance will cooperate with relevant international humanitarian organizations and recommends that member states assist Turkey, in accordance with their capacities, on a bilateral grounds.

10) With respect to the emerging crisis in Rebu, the members of the Alliance express our firm commitment to protect civilians and civilian-populated areas under threat of attack. We would like to state that under no circumstances will NATO stay neutral during the Rebu Crisis.

11) Respecting all main principles of international law, especially international humanitarian law, with the sincere willingness to contribute to the development of democracy and human rights, understanding the role of international organizations, including NATO, UN, African Union and Arab League, realizing the necessity to protect civilians during crisis in Rebu, we the Alliance agree that we should resort to the following measures.

12) It is of utmost importance that any kind of military operation, including establishing a no-fly zone should be carried out in accordance with a resolution adopted by the Security Council of the United Nations. It is of utmost importance to establish a no-fly zone over Rebu, including ban of all flights, except those for humanitarian and aid purposes in Rebu airspace to make sure that civilians and civilian populated areas cannot be subjected to air attack. We believe that it is necessary that the door for the military intervention on the territory of Rebu, in case if the crisis gets worse, shall stay open. We are also convinced that it is necessary to introduce arms embargo, freeze personal accounts of Rebus officials and impose a travel ban on senior figures.

13) The Alliance is absolutely sure that we should provide surveillance operations in the Mediterranean sea, deploying AWACS aircrafts to provide round-the-clock observation, provided that such “eyes in the sky” will give NATO detailed information of movements in Rebu airspace. In addition, it is necessary to take into consideration the fact the NATO ships will not enter Rebu territorial waters. At the same time they will operate in the Central Mediterranean in order to make sure that the flow of weapons to Rebu by sea is cut off and they will maintain maritime blockade.

14) Member of the Alliance further recommend that all member states and regional organization inter alia take all necessary measures in order to protect civilians in Rebu. Expressing concern about the status of the refugees in Rebu and make sure that they should be treated in accordance with the main acts of international law, which regulate the legal status of refugees, including the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees.

15) We the Alliance, agree to strength with our available diplomatically capacities peaceful democratic process in Rebu, in order to organize free elections and establish government based on the free will of people. The Alliance sees the Republic of Rebu as a partner country in Mediterranean Dialogue program in order to broaden mutual cooperation in combat against terrorism.

16) The Alliance appeals to all members of the Alliance to take all reasonable measures with no further delay in order to protect the civilians and contribute to the development of democracy and observance of human rights in Rebu.

We express our sincere appreciation for the hospitality given to us by the Government of Republic of Serbia, our partner country. The city of Belgrade has for the first time been the venue of NATO’s Summit meeting, which not only highlights the Alliance’s determination to advance further cooperation with its partners around the world, but also Serbia’s own unique contribution to promoting security and stability in the region and broader. At this meeting we have taken decisions and given further direction for NATO’s own ongoing adaptation to emerging political crises and security threats, through its missions and operations and closer engagement of other nations and organisations.

Footnote:

1 The Czech Republic, Estonia and Greece, Estonia each expressed reservations that their proposed amendments for strengthening dialogue with Russia were not accepted.

For further information about Model Security – including the scenarios used during the Model NATO Serbia – please contact Mirjana Kosic.

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