Libya – the blitzkreig breaks down, negotiations needed
The Association of World Citizens, as an immediate step, calls for a humanitarian ceasefire and the resumption of U.N. -led negotiations in good faith among... Read More
The EU response to the Libyan crisis – shallow impact with a short-term vision
By securitizing migration, EU leaders have appeared to address the needs of European audiences more than those of Libyan stakeholders.
Libya – elections to what structures?
The post 2011 Libyan society faces large and complex issues. Resolving the institutional, economic and political issues is urgent and cannot be settled by elections... Read More
To snap every yoke – world law to end slavery in Libya
Slavery is a consequence of disorder. Without a minimum of legal structure, there will always be those who arise to make short-term gains including by... Read More
Oil Jihad – a strategic weapon against low prices?
For terrorist outfits like Al Qaeda and ISIS, low oil prices are counter-productive. These organizations, much like Venezuela, depend mostly on oil for their revenues... Read More
Marx noted that history reoccurs, first as tragedy, then as farce. We seem to be living in a period where history remains unlearned yet is... Read More
Mistakes were made – part II
The US is now in the process of choosing its next president. Everyone – in America and beyond – should insist that all the candidates... Read More
Conflict and intervention – the role of multilateralism
There are five good reasons for the major powers – especially the US – to commit themselves to consensus decisions on multilateral intervention achieved through... Read More
Broken states never heal themselves
Broken states never heal themselves and can only be put back together with the prolonged involvement of outsiders working together to end the violence, impose... Read More
Entering a fracture zone
The refugees in the park in Belgrade seem to be part of a fracture zone that is becoming increasingly easy to trace; across Greece, Macedonia... Read More
The great wandering
Mass migration continues to define Europe as a system of human fluid dynamics.
The fractured response of humanitarian aid in Syria
Humanitarian response to the Syrian crisis remains a high priority of national governments and intergovernmental organisations. But the multiplying regional conflicts are hampering all efforts... Read More
The refugee crisis
Europe has tried to hide from this basic fact, that nothing but a sea separates them from the millions seeking a better life. In the immediate... Read More
What to do about civil war?
As difficult on a human level as it may be to stand back and not intervene, the best approach to the conflicts in the Mideast... Read More
Whose peace are we building?
There is a reason why military and foreign intervention doesn’t work. These interventions thrust “solutions” onto the people of the country intervened in. These “solutions”... Read More
The Omani experiment
The Oman of Sultan Qaboos represents a case study of modernization and political development initiated from the top. But unlike the case of Kemal’s Turkey,... Read More
Syrian military intervention – Washington’s “well-oiled” operation
The United States has only to gain from the likely military intervention which will give it unrestricted access to Syria’s oil reserves, with a larger... Read More
R2P and International Law
The responsibility to protect is an international responsibility and not the exclusive burden of any one country, not even the US. But the use of... Read More
There never was an “Arab Spring”
With the top of the leadership pyramid removed, the societies left behind were rife with internal divisions. Without any historical experience, or sufficient wealth to divide... Read More
Post-Gaddafi Libya – a liberal peace project
Despite Western policy-makers insisting that they will not meddle in Libya's internal affairs in the aftermath of the war, it is hard to believe that the Libyans will be in the driving seat when it comes to choosing their country's future governance and economic systems.