Eastern Africa

The inter-linked nature of Eastern Africa – which includes Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda and Zimbabwe – leaves it prone to violence spilling over from one country into another.

1) Burundi

Burundi remains vulnerable to outbreaks of violence between the majority Hutu and minority Tutsi ethnic groups, from which several hundred thousand people have died in previous decades. Read more…

 

2) Kenya

Though Kenya’s complicated tribal structure contribute to its multi-ethnic diversity and richness, the marginalization of particular minorities and indigenous groups – in terms of both resources and recognition – is one of the key challenges for conflict transformation. Read more…

 

3) Rwanda

During the Rwandan Genocide of 2004, some 800,000 people – predominantly Tutsis – were killed in the course of 100 days, following the killing of Rwanda’s president, Juvenal Habyarimana, whose plane was shot down over Kigali airport on 6th April 1994. Read more…

 

4) Somalia

In the absence of central government control over most of its territory since the 1991 Civil War, Somalia is consistently ranked as the world’s number one failed state. Read more…

 

5) Uganda

The Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) reign of terror – particularly in the districts of Gulu, Kitgum and Pader – lead to the displacement an estimated 1.6m people and the abduction of some 30,000 children, most forced to serve as soldiers. Read more…

 

6) Zimbabwe

With Robert Mugabe having ruled Zimbabwe since independence, the country remains beset by grave violations of human rights, deeply-rooted corruption and widening social and economic divisions.Read more…

 

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