One clear element is that violence in Kenya has to do with community identities, particularly where the young males of society are concerned.
The emergence of locally-initiated and supported peacebuilding initiatives by young people - acting as change agents, mentors and leaders - is fostering a new paradigm in governance, development and peacebuilding amongst pastoralist communities in north-western Kenya.
Conflict transformation in Kenya is confronted by a number of challenges - including limited dialogue and communication within and between communities, plus a lack of effective models addressing the underlying drivers of conflict.
One of the key drivers of conflict in Kenya is the dimension of community identities - which is itself closely reacted to the issue of land, borders and associated historical grievances - plus a challenging regional environment and political transition.
The challenge facing peacebuilders is not how to eradicate conflict, but how to mitigate, manage and transform it so as to reduce its negative effects on people’s relationships and prospects for development.