The Balkans

The Balkans includes the former Yugoslavia, which violently disintegrated in the early nineties, resulting in over 150,000 deaths and the displacement of some two million people.

1) Bosnia and Herzegovina

Though the Dayton Peace Agreement ended the war in Bosnia-Herzegovina, the country remains divided on ethnic lines and its future uncertain amidst disagreements over its internal structure and balance of power. Read more…

 

2) Croatia

Though now a member of the European Union, Croatia – as with many of its neighbours – remains afflicted by the legacies of the wars of the early nineties following the disintegration of the former Yugoslavia. Read more…

 

3) Kosovo

Following NATO’s intervention in 1999, Kosovo – after several years under international administration – declared independence from Serbia in February 2008. Read more…

 

4) Macedonia

Following the 2001 Ohrid Agreement which ended the armed conflict between the Macedonian security forces and Albanian insurgents, Macedonia’s membership in NATO and its progress towards the EU have been halted by its on-going name dispute with Greece. Read more…

 

5) Montenegro

Having voted for independence from Serbia in a referendum in May 2006, Montenegro has continued its path towards membership of the EU, but faces serious reform challenges. Read more…

 

6) Serbia

Having voted for independence from Serbia in a referendum in May 2006, Montenegro has continued its path towards membership of the EU, but faces serious reform challenges. Read more…

 

The original Ottoman bridge destroyed later in Yugoslavia’s break-up (photograph courtesy of phillygdr, publish under a Creative Commons License)

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