Archive for category: Europe

Basque Country – definitive cessation of ETA’s armed activity

Basque Country – definitive cessation of ETA’s armed activity

Emeritus Archbishop and Noble Peace Prize winner, Desmond Tutu, welcomed ETA’s decision to start the process of disarmament, because it “opens the door to a lasting peace”.

US foreign policy and Ukraine

US foreign policy and Ukraine

The US might form its policy around building and maintaining multilateral commitment to prevent, diffuse and contain conflicts, using its sense of right and wrong as the basis of a proactive and consistent diplomacy informed by local realities, sensitive to the interests, values and motivations of others and backed up […]

A third way for Cyprus?

A third way for Cyprus?

Cyprus cannot be a nation-state under Greek Cypriot majority rule, or two nation-states in a loose co-federation under the surveillance of NATO forces. But could Cyprus be a new united Republic founded on the ideas of labour and a common Mediterranean civilization? If the EU said yes.

Time to begin thinking about world government?

Time to begin thinking about world government?

What might a world citizen look like while there is still no world government? The first example might be Edward Snowden. Whether he meant to or not, his disclosures have served the interest of people around the world in the privacy of our communications. In other words, world citizens may […]

Post-Haass Northern Ireland and the future of Irish republicanism

Post-Haass Northern Ireland and the future of Irish republicanism

Flags, parades and the past cannot be easily disentangled from the high levels of social discontent that currently exist. However, there is no reason why these issues of identity cannot be addressed in parallel with an assault on the vast social and economic problems that show no sign of receding.

Basque Country – concrete steps in the peace process

Basque Country – concrete steps in the peace process

Concrete steps in the peace process – such as the cessation of violence by ETA, the legalisation of Sortu and repeal of the Parot Doctrine – can provide the basis for consolidating co-existence, based upon respect for human rights, pluralism and memory.

Basque Country – police operation against the Herrira movement

Basque Country – police operation against the Herrira movement

On September 30th, the Civil Guard conducted a police operation against the popular movement that works for human rights of prisoners, Herrira, arresting 18 of its representatives. Lokarri argues that this operation represents a serious violation of fundamental democratic freedoms, and calls for the release of the detainees and an immediate end […]

The insistence of absence – the legacy of the McGurk’s bar bombing

The insistence of absence – the legacy of the McGurk’s bar bombing

The issue of how best to deal with the legacy of the past – if at all – continues to be a contested issue in the north of Ireland. The past remains present as those given the responsibility to move the process forward seem to evade their responsibilities to victims […]

Republican Youth and ‘brave decisions’ in post-conflict (Northern) Ireland

Republican Youth and ‘brave decisions’ in post-conflict (Northern) Ireland

Northern Ireland requires a new political leadership in order to make tangible progress on the problems that continue to frustrate the attainment of ‘positive’ peace, reconciliation and social justice.

The Basque Country – patience and determination

The Basque Country – patience and determination

Driving a peace process forward requires staying patient and determined. What has been achieved seemed unthinkable a few years ago, so it is now also possible to overcome the challenges faced by Basque society to consolidate coexistence.

The Cyprus dilemma at a crossroads – a perspective on negotiations

The Cyprus dilemma at a crossroads – a perspective on negotiations

The Turkish Cypriot refusal to accept the EU’s presence at the negotiation table represents a profound challenge to the effectiveness of EU mediation in negotiations over Cyprus. Suggested Reading GCCT Articles By Dr. Ahmed Magdy Al-Soukkary While it seems that the Cyprus question will not see a breakthrough in the near future, […]

“If you always do what you’ve always done, you’ll always get what you’ve always got”

“If you always do what you’ve always done, you’ll always get what you’ve always got”

There needs to be a re-assessment of who is brought to the table in efforts to build and develop relationships. To move beyond the constant re-visiting of the same issues, perhaps we need to move the conversation beyond those “usual suspects”. The demographics of those engaging in these specific talks […]

Thoughts on community and commemoration

Thoughts on community and commemoration

The question of representation is a key issue in the issues of commemorations, many of which have had their ownership taken by the very individuals who are viewed as embodying the antithesis of the communal spirit evidenced at such events. This ownership is seeking to emphasise the exclusivity of a […]

Attitudes to peace walls – key findings

Attitudes to peace walls – key findings

TransConflict is pleased to present the key findings of research into attitudes to peace walls in Northern Ireland, which show that more than three quarters of the general population (78%) in believes that segregation is common in the absence of peace walls.

Northern Ireland – attitudes to peace walls

Northern Ireland – attitudes to peace walls

In 2012 a research team based at the University of Ulster successfully applied for research funding to the Office of the First Minister and Deputy First Minister for funding to conduct research on Attitudes to Peace Walls. The aim of the research was to explore public awareness of and attitudes […]

Turkey – can the Shanghai Cooperation Organization be an alternative to the EU?

Turkey – can the Shanghai Cooperation Organization be an alternative to the EU?

It is high time for EU leaders to revise their negative stances on Turkey’s membership prospects as the country and its leadership seriously start assessing authoritarian alternatives.

Former prisoners and conflict transformation in Northern Ireland

Former prisoners and conflict transformation in Northern Ireland

The changing dynamics of ‘post conflict’ political discourse, coupled with the emergence of a new generation who did not necessarily live through the thirty year conflict, requires a re-imagining of conflict transformation by former prisoners. They need to move beyond discourses which informed their journey to the prisons and re-evaluate […]

The myth of Europe

The myth of Europe

Europeans tend to cling to the dream – the idea – of Europe as a matter of political, social and economic theology while all too often ignoring the hard, demanding practical tasks of building the structures and functions that are necessary in making the founders’ vision a reality.

Catalonia – divisive policies that merge identities

Catalonia – divisive policies that merge identities

Catalonia is undergoing profound changes – particularly with respect to its class boundaries and defining elements of identity – which are prompting the development of a new Catalan identity.

The Basque Country – a window of opportunities

The Basque Country – a window of opportunities

Following successful elections in the Basque Country at the end of October – the first to take place without violence by ETA – the time has come for the parties to work together to drive the peace process forward.

Basque conflict – consensus on an agenda of disarmament, dismantling and reinsertion

Basque conflict – consensus on an agenda of disarmament, dismantling and reinsertion

The problem the Basque peace process faces is that the Spanish government will not change its strategy until ETA declares its dissolution, whilst ETA is not prepared to take steps towards its disarmament and until contact takes place with the government; thereby creating an obstacle to the consolidation of peace.

Did the EU deserve the Nobel peace prize?

Did the EU deserve the Nobel peace prize?

At this critical juncture for Europe, it is important to remember that the EU – despite its very own shortcomings – has strengthened democracy across the old continent and acted as a vital barrier against extremism and nationalism.

Building an inclusive peace process in the Basque Country

Building an inclusive peace process in the Basque Country

It is time for the local, regional and state-wide political leadership to recognise the maturity of local civil society and afford it a lead-role in the resolution of the Basque conflict and all aspects that surround it – such as the issue of prisoners, the victims of terrorism, political legitimacy and even the right to repentance.

Resolving the Basque conflict

Resolving the Basque conflict

The Spanish government should immediately establish contacts with ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna); not because it owes ETA anything, but because Basque society wants the irreversibility of the end of violence to be guaranteed through the disarmament and dismantling of ETA’s structures.

The long war gets longer – the campaign of violent dissident republicans

The long war gets longer – the campaign of violent dissident republicans

Recent violent activity from dissident republicans poses real threats to Northern Ireland – which is often held-up as an exemplary case study of building sustainable peace – yet why does it persist given that it is unlikely to establish a thirty-two county republic?