Archive for category: Spain

Basque Country – social forum to promote the peace process

Basque Country – social forum to promote the peace process

The Social Forum is an example of how a citizens’ initiative can generate new ideas and solutions to overcome impasses and find new ways to progress in the consolidation of the peace process. 

Basque Country – experiences of the Social Forum to invigorate peace

Basque Country – experiences of the Social Forum to invigorate peace

The Basque process has had to be innovative, mainly because of the very limited contact between ETA and the Spanish or French governments. Much of Basque society understands it as a peace process, but the Spanish government does not want to be a partner in this and many issues that Basque society sees […]

Basque Country – definitive cessation of ETA’s armed activity

Basque Country – definitive cessation of ETA’s armed activity

Emeritus Archbishop and Noble Peace Prize winner, Desmond Tutu, welcomed ETA’s decision to start the process of disarmament, because it “opens the door to a lasting peace”.

Basque Country – concrete steps in the peace process

Basque Country – concrete steps in the peace process

Concrete steps in the peace process – such as the cessation of violence by ETA, the legalisation of Sortu and repeal of the Parot Doctrine – can provide the basis for consolidating co-existence, based upon respect for human rights, pluralism and memory.

Basque Country – police operation against the Herrira movement

Basque Country – police operation against the Herrira movement

On September 30th, the Civil Guard conducted a police operation against the popular movement that works for human rights of prisoners, Herrira, arresting 18 of its representatives. Lokarri argues that this operation represents a serious violation of fundamental democratic freedoms, and calls for the release of the detainees and an immediate end […]

The Basque Country – patience and determination

The Basque Country – patience and determination

Driving a peace process forward requires staying patient and determined. What has been achieved seemed unthinkable a few years ago, so it is now also possible to overcome the challenges faced by Basque society to consolidate coexistence.

Catalonia – divisive policies that merge identities

Catalonia – divisive policies that merge identities

Catalonia is undergoing profound changes – particularly with respect to its class boundaries and defining elements of identity – which are prompting the development of a new Catalan identity.

The Basque Country – a window of opportunities

The Basque Country – a window of opportunities

Following successful elections in the Basque Country at the end of October – the first to take place without violence by ETA – the time has come for the parties to work together to drive the peace process forward.

Basque conflict – consensus on an agenda of disarmament, dismantling and reinsertion

Basque conflict – consensus on an agenda of disarmament, dismantling and reinsertion

The problem the Basque peace process faces is that the Spanish government will not change its strategy until ETA declares its dissolution, whilst ETA is not prepared to take steps towards its disarmament and until contact takes place with the government; thereby creating an obstacle to the consolidation of peace.

Building an inclusive peace process in the Basque Country

Building an inclusive peace process in the Basque Country

It is time for the local, regional and state-wide political leadership to recognise the maturity of local civil society and afford it a lead-role in the resolution of the Basque conflict and all aspects that surround it – such as the issue of prisoners, the victims of terrorism, political legitimacy and even the right to repentance.

Resolving the Basque conflict

Resolving the Basque conflict

The Spanish government should immediately establish contacts with ETA (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna); not because it owes ETA anything, but because Basque society wants the irreversibility of the end of violence to be guaranteed through the disarmament and dismantling of ETA’s structures.