Archive for category: Eastern Africa

Genocide and justice – where now?

Genocide and justice – where now?

Two decades after the Rwanda genocide, the promised hopes of international accountability for such crimes is in trouble, with a number of ingredients of a crisis that is both legal and political.

Umuganda – a tool for reconciliation in Rwanda

Umuganda – a tool for reconciliation in Rwanda

The concept of ‘Umuganda’ – which means ‘coming together in common purpose’ – is to promote unity and reconciliation in a society that has been devastated by conflict, genocide and poverty.

Lest we forget – the foundations of peace in Rwanda

Lest we forget – the foundations of peace in Rwanda

The collective acknowledgement of the past not only clears up misunderstandings, it also liberates us from the tyranny of widespread, existing popular prejudices. In order for reconciliation to take root in political and moral quarrels, there is first a need for truth, then justice and finally forgiveness.

Rwanda – building an engaged youth twenty years after genocide

Rwanda – building an engaged youth twenty years after genocide

Rwanda is still in need of healing and reconciliation, and the Rwandan youth still need to reflect on lessons learned from the past in order to construct the future they want and deserve.

The United Nations and its peacekeeping dilemma

The United Nations and its peacekeeping dilemma

The deployment of a UN Force Intervention Brigade (FIB), authorized to undertake “all necessary measures” to neutralize armed groups, represents an important step in the evolution of UN peacekeeping missions.

Peace and Conflict Resolution from the Democratic Republic of Congo

Peace and Conflict Resolution from the Democratic Republic of Congo

TransConflict is pleased to showcase the work of Peace and Conflict Resolution from the Democratic Republic of Congo, a member of the Global Coalition for Conflict Transformation.

Transforming conflict across borders – the case of Kenya and Uganda

Transforming conflict across borders – the case of Kenya and Uganda

TransConflict is pleased to present a concept for transforming conflict between the Pian, Pokot and Sabiny communities, which primarily results from cattle raiding and often violent competition for scarce pasture and water resources.

Rwanda after genocide – building peace through art

Rwanda after genocide – building peace through art

The ‘Peacebuilding after Genocide’ mobile exhibition used story telling and dialogue methodologies to educate people about the 1994 genocide, to examine what causes violence and to send messages of peace and social cohesion. 

The politics of reconciliation in Zimbabwe

The politics of reconciliation in Zimbabwe

A delay in establishing the constitutionally-guaranteed National Peace and Reconciliation Commission (NPRC) raises profound questions about the commitment of Zimbabwe’s political elites to achieving justice and reconciliation. 

The Rwandan case – is it possible to truly compensate victims of genocide?

The Rwandan case – is it possible to truly compensate victims of genocide?

The victims of the Tutsi Genocide – one of the worst incidences of mass killing in the 20th century – are still struggling to receive financial compensation for their physical and material loss 20 years on, raising questions about whether it is even possible to fully compensate these people after […]

Impact of ‘high value resources’ on communities in Eastern Africa

Impact of ‘high value resources’ on communities in Eastern Africa

As new high-value resources are discovered and exploited in East Africa, what is the impact on local communities and the potential for local-level conflict?

Should the UN fight in a war?

Should the UN fight in a war?

The core values of peacekeeping lie in the principles of consent of the parties, impartiality and the non-use of force except as a last resort. If the very blue berets that work to keep peace indulge in active combat against one of the entities in conflict, would it not render […]

Learning from our leaders – when conflict breeds conflict

Learning from our leaders – when conflict breeds conflict

The history of violence and issues of political suppression is well known in Zimbabwe, but are these issues magnified through a process of emulation by the people?

African Youth Peace Initiatives – Uganda

African Youth Peace Initiatives – Uganda

African Youth Peace Initiatives – Uganda utilizes non-violent models of conflict transformation to engage youth in realizing peace and preventing the escalation of violence within communities in Uganda, primarily through community-based early warning and response methods.

Peace initiatives on the Sotik/Borabu border in Kenya

Peace initiatives on the Sotik/Borabu border in Kenya

Despite the apparent return to peace after the terrible events of the 2007/2008 post-election violence, complex pockets of conflicts – which are formed along ethnic lines - are now more than ever embedded in Kenya’s territory and history. One such conflict occurs in a rural area of the Kenyan Rift Valley […]

Drivers of pastoralist violence in northwestern Kenya

Drivers of pastoralist violence in northwestern Kenya

Pastoralist violence in northwestern Kenya can be divided into three contexts – the traditional, the political and the business – each of which must be taken into account when prescribing a viable long-term peacebuilding strategy.

Kenya will decide and the world will be watching – the 2013 elections

Kenya will decide and the world will be watching – the 2013 elections

On March 4th, Kenyans will vote in the country’s most complex and momentous elections to date. The build-up to the polls has been eagerly watched and debated – both in Kenya and abroad. Whilst there there are many reasons to believe that the elections may proceed peacefully, there are also reasons […]

Rwanda – working for sustainable peace

Rwanda – working for sustainable peace

Rwanda has shown ingenuity in conflict transformation thanks to the policy of National Unity and Reconciliation, as well as to the participatory and innovative justice system known as Gacaca.

Conflict in Rwanda – definitions and drivers

Conflict in Rwanda – definitions and drivers

The sources of conflict in Rwanda – and in Africa’s Great Lakes region, in general – can be divided into three categories: its colonial heritage, chronic bad governance and conflict-generating political systems.

Kenya – the quest for restorative justice

Kenya – the quest for restorative justice

One clear element is that violence in Kenya has to do with community identities, particularly where the young males of society are concerned.

Addressing the culture of violence in Kenya

Addressing the culture of violence in Kenya

TransConflict is pleased to present a two-part analysis of the drivers of conflict in Kenya, focusing initially on the need for restorative justice – particularly where land matters are concerned – in order to address the emerging culture of violence.

Rwanda’s artful path toward peace – cultural industries and post-conflict reconciliation

Rwanda’s artful path toward peace – cultural industries and post-conflict reconciliation

Rwanda is a prime example of a post-conflict society that is using film, theatre music, and other creative industries in its journey toward reconciliation and rebuilding.

Uganda must stay the course in Somalia

Uganda must stay the course in Somalia

Following a critical UN report alleging that Uganda and Rwanda have been supporting the March 23 Movement (M23) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), Uganda has threatened to withdraw its forces from regional peacekeeping engagements; an ill-conceived step which undermines its national interests.

Rwanda and the DR Congo – ending the culture of impunity

Rwanda and the DR Congo – ending the culture of impunity

Tackling the root causes of war between Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo requires an end to the culture of impunity, particularly the prosecution of alleged war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF).

Youth as a bridge – peacebuilding in north-western Kenya

Youth as a bridge – peacebuilding in north-western Kenya

The emergence of locally-initiated and supported peacebuilding initiatives by young people – acting as change agents, mentors and leaders – is fostering a new paradigm in governance, development and peacebuilding amongst pastoralist communities in north-western Kenya.